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What is the water consumption of French households in 2021?

consommation eau bouteille

Since the end of the 18th century, the consumption of water has been steadily increasing.

Nowadays, all you have to do is turn on the tap to enjoy drinking water. This water is no longer used only for drinking: washing up, showering, toilets, swimming pools, watering the garden, etc. It has many uses, but it is still a rare resource that must be preserved. How much drinking water did French households consume in 2021? What consumes the most water? Here are all the answers to your questions.

Average water consumption for a French household: the figures to remember

In 1975, French people consumed 106 litres of water per day. Today, it is about 150 litres per person per day. These figures depend of course on several criteria:

  • an adult uses more water than a child, who only needs 69 litres;
  • A high standard of living requires more water consumption than a low standard of living.
  • a modest household, which uses an average of 90 litres per day;
  • an athletic person will have a high consumption (about 240 litres of water per day) due to an increased need for hydration and repeated daily showers;
  • Climatic conditions and tourist activity influence water needs and average domestic consumption. For example, people in Nord-Pas-de-Calais consume an average of 109 litres per day, compared to 228 litres per day in Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur ;
  • holiday periods see our average water consumption increase.

The different water points in a household

The main sources of water consumption are the shower and the household: they both represent 93% of our average consumption. For the rest, it is quite difficult to quantify precisely each point of consumption, since it depends mainly on the appliances used and the habits of each person. For example, the volume of water consumed during a shower varies according to the duration, the mixer tap used or the flow rate. Some washing machines and dishwashers are also more water efficient thanks to the "eco" programme. On average, here are all the water consumption items in a home:

  • 7% for food and drink;
  • 10% for washing dishes
  • 12% for washing clothes;
  • 40% for hygiene (baths and showers);
  • 20% for sanitary facilities (count about 6 litres of water for each flush);
  • 6% for watering the garden and cleaning outside;
  • 5% for cleaning the house.

This amount of water can increase considerably with possible leaks. A dripping tap uses 4 litres per hour, or 35,000 litres of water per year!

What are the drinking habits of water?

The French are notorious for not drinking enough water per day: nearly 75% of them do not respect the recommended quantities! As a general rule, the French consume more water from the tap (66%) than from a bottle, for example (47%). This can be explained by consumer confidence in the quality of the water distributed, but also by the cost of bottled water. At work, however, the consumption of bottled water is increasing and represents 49% of employees.

However, it is well known that tap water can sometimes have an unpleasant taste: this is why the French prefer to aerate it in a carafe beforehand, or thanks to a filter placed under the sink, which allows to remove any chlorine smell. In recent years, filtered water using a carafe has become particularly fashionable in French households. The use of tap water can also be seen in the consumption of sparkling water: rather than buying a pack of sparkling water, the French now prefer to consume sparkling water produced at home using tap water!

Revaluing tap water with LaVie

bouteille purificatrice d'eau LaVie pure

LaVie UV-A water purifiers® work without filters or maintenance and allow you to purify your tap water in 15 minutes.

They use an innovative technology, patented and exclusive to LaVie®: the photolysis of chlorine by UV-A radiation.

This treatment allows the removal of chlorine and its derivatives, chemical compounds such as certain pesticides or traces of medication, tastes and odors that can be found in tap water.

The result, which is very qualitative, makes it possible to draw a definitive line on the consumption of water in plastic bottles.

The carbon footprint linked to the manufacture of the aluminium tube of the UV water purifier is neutralised in a few days of use compared to the equivalent consumption of water in plastic bottles.

How to reduce water consumption?

Thanks to a change in behaviour and new eco-citizen reflexes, drinking water consumption has been falling for several years. We must therefore continue to act on a daily basis to preserve this precious resource. To do this, a few easy steps can be taken:

  • repair water leaks: a flush leak wastes 220,000 litres of water per year;
  • Take quick showers instead of baths to save 130 litres per shower;
  • water your garden in the morning or evening, when temperatures are low;
  • Use a regulator on taps and a dual control toilet;
  • Renovate to replace an outdated water heater;
  • Install a rainwater harvesting system for watering the garden or cleaning the car;
  • Opting for "eco" programs on household appliances.

Finally, we must not forget electricity consumption, another item of expenditure for French households. If it is essential to preserve the longevity of water, it is also important to encourage the development of renewable energy, by choosing a green energy supplier! Online comparators such as are a good solution for finding the right offer for your budget.

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