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What is the water consumption of French households in 2020?

Water consumption in France


Since the end of the 18th century, water consumption has steadily increased.

Now all you have to do is turn on the tap to enjoy drinking water. It is no longer used only for hydrating: dishes, shower, toilets, swimming pool, watering the garden ...

It has many uses, but it nevertheless remains a scarce resource that must be preserved. How much did French households consume drinking water in 2020? What uses the most water? Here are all the answers to your questions.

Average water consumption for a French household: the figures to remember

In 1975, French water consumption was 106 liters per day. Today it takes about 150 liters per person per day. These figures depend of course on several criteria:

  • A adult uses more water than a child who only needs 69 liters;
  • A high standard of living consume more water than a modest household that uses an average of 90 liters per day;
  • A athletic person will consume more (approximately 240 liters of water per day) due to increased need for hydration and repeated daily showers;
  • The climatic conditions and tourist activity influence water requirements and average household consumption. For example, the inhabitants of Nord-Pas-de-Calais consume an average of 109 liters per day, against 228 liters per day in Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur;
  • The vacation periods increase our average water consumption.

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The different water points in a household

The main sources of water consumption are shower and cleaning: they both represent 93% of our average consumption. For the rest, it is quite difficult to precisely quantify each point of consumption, since it depends mainly on the devices used and the habits of each. For example, the volume of water consumed during a shower varies depending on the duration, the mixer used or the flow rate. Some washing machines or some dishwashers are also more water efficient thanks to the “eco” program. On average, here are all the water consumption stations in a home:

  • 7% for food and drink
  • 10% for dishes
  • 12% for washing clothes
  • 40% for hygiene (baths and showers)
  • 20% for toilets (count around 6 liters of water for each flush)
  • 6% for watering the garden and cleaning the exterior
  • 5% for cleaning the house

Note, however, that this amount of water can increase considerably with possible leaks. A dripping faucet uses 4 liters per hour, or 35,000 liters of water per year.

For example, the volume of water consumed during a shower varies depending on the duration, the mixer used or the flow rate.

Did water consumption drop during confinement?

The year 2020 was marked by the Coronavirus and international lockdown. In France, some regions have observed a 15% drop in drinking water consumption, in particular due to a drop in tourism activity and the closures of schools, swimming pools and businesses. On the contrary, other regions such as Île-de-France did not experience a significant drop. This water consumption has therefore not experienced any real variation across the territory, apart from a 5% decrease at the national level.
In addition, the authorities remind us that tap water can be consumed safely. Indeed, this one has no risk to be contaminated by Covid-19 since the virus and bacteria are not resistant to chlorine and to various treatments. It is therefore quite normal to feel a slight taste of chlorine in water. If this bothers you, feel free to use our water purifiers, the only ones who are 100% eco-responsible: no plastic waste, very low carbon cost during manufacture, preservation of all trace elements, purified water ... It is an excellent alternative to plastic bottles or filter jugs.

How to reduce your water consumption?

Thanks to a change in behavior and new eco-citizen reflexes, drinking water consumption has been declining for several years. We must therefore continue to act on a daily basis to preserve this precious resource. To do this, a few easy actions can be implemented:

  • Repair them water leaks, knowing that a flushing leak wastes 220,000 liters of water per year;
  • Prioritize quick showers rather than the baths to save 130 liters for each shower;
  • Water your garden in the morning or evening, when the temperatures are not yet too high;
  • Use a regulator on the taps and a dual-control toilet;
  • Make renovations to replace an obsolete water heater;
  • Install a rainwater collection system for watering the garden or cleaning the car;
  • Opt for “eco” programs household appliances.

Finally, we must not forget the electricity consumption which is also one of the main expenditure items for French households. While it is essential to preserve the longevity of water, it is also important to encourage the development of renewable energies. How to do ? By favoring a green energy supplier! Online comparators like hellowatt.fr are a good solution to find an interesting offer that fits everyone's budget.

Our sources

Hello Watt energy advisor

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